68/22 | Research Article | Veterinary Clinical Medicine

Prevalence of Ancylostomiasis in Dogs in and Around Bhubaneswar and Associated Health Effects

Rojali Bhanjadeo, Patra, R. C., Senapati, S.K., Jena, G. R. and Meher Sudhamayee

College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar – 751003

Published in the Indian Veterinary Journal October 2022 : 99 (10) - pages 29 to 34
(Received: , Accepted: )


Ancylostomiasis, caused by hook worm, Ancylostomacaninum, is the most common as well as most dangerous endoparasitic disease in dogs. The present investigation was carried out to study the prevalence of this disease with respect to age, breed, season of the year and sex of the dog. Faecal samples were collected from randomly selected 186 dogs presented to the Department or Veterinary Clinical Complex of College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Bhubaneswar for routine health check up during the period from January to June 2019. Samples passed immediately or collected per-rectally directly with faecal scoop, were subjected to coprological examination in the Veterinary Diagnostic laboratory by flotation technique for the presence of hookworm (Ancylostomacaninum) eggs. Identification was made by the morphological characters of hookworm eggs. Positive faecal samples were then examined by Mc Master Technique for EPG (Eggs per Gram) count. The overall prevalence of hookworm (Ancylostomacaninum) eggs was 15.59 percent (29 positive cases/ 186 samples examined).The common symptoms shown by the dogs found positive for hookworms were diarrhoea, red or black colour faeces, pale mucous membrane, vomition, inappetence, anorexia, dermatitis. Hookworm infested dogs had significantly (P<0.05) lowered haemoglobin, PCV and TEC, serum total protein and albumin compared to healthy control.

Key Words: Ancylostomiasis, Ancylostomacaninum, dog, prevalence, haemoglobin

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