Research Article | Poultry Science

Growth Dynamics and Trends in Livestock and Poultry Production in India

Arya S. Nair, M.Thirunavukkarasu, A.Serma Saravana Pandian, G.Senthilkumar and C.Balan

Department of Animal Husbandry Statistics and Computer Applications, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai – 600007

Published in the Indian Veterinary Journal July 2021 : 98 (7) - pages 19 to 25
(Received: , Accepted: )


This study attempts to work out the growth rates of livestock products in India. Data on production of milk, meat, egg and wool from 1950-51 to 2016-17 and State wise data from 2008-09 to 2015-16 were collected from the reports of BAHS and FAO. The Annual Compound Growth Rates (ACGRs) of livestock products like milk, meat, and egg for the period were estimated. Milk production in India increased at an ACGR of 4.70% during 1979-2000 and of 4.51% during 2000-18. The per capita availability of milk of 130 g per day in 1950-51 declined to 110 g in 1973-74, with a negative ACGR of 4.86, despite the fact that milk production grew at a rate of 7.61%. During 2000-18, the growth rate of per capita availability was 2.99% and milk production (4.51%) grew three times more than that of human population (1.36%). As a result, the per capita availability rose to 360 g per day, higher than the ICMR recommended level of 309 g. Meat production registered tremendous growth from 2.3 mt in 2006- 07 to 5.5 mt in 2011-12, with an ACGR of 15.5%, which was just 3% during 1998-99 - 2005-06. Meat production in the beginning of Twelfth Plan (2012-13) was 5.9 mt which increased to 7.0 mt in 2015-16 at 6.10% growth rate. The ACGRs of egg production and per capita availability of eggs were 7.57 and 5.05%, respectively, in the last 7 decades.

Key Words: Livestock and Poultry Population, India, Growth Trends

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