293/19 | General Article | Veterinary Parasitology

Spectrum of Signs Associated with Haemoparasitic Infections in Dogs

M. Kalaivanan, S. Saravanan, K.M.Palanivel and G.Ponnudurai

Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Veterinary College and Research Institute, TANUVAS, Namakkal-637 002, Tamil Nadu.

Published in the Indian Veterinary Journal January 2020: 97 (1) - pages 9 to 11
(Received: August, 2019, Accepted: September, 2019)


Dogs are continuously exposed to haemoparasitic infections. However most of the cases go unnoticed due to the inapparent or subclinical infections caused by the parasites. The spectrum of signs in dogs positive for haemoparasitic infections by polymerase chain reaction were identi ed and the positivity was correlated with the health status of dogs. Anorexia (74.35%) and lymphadenopathy (58.97%) were found to be the predominant clinical signs in positive cases. The prevalence of both B. canis and H. canis was found to be more in dogs with icterus (20.2%), where as the prevalence of B. gibsoni and T. evansi was found to be more in dogs with tick infestation (6.06% and 3.03, respectively), and E. canis in dogs with epistaxis (25.0%). The prevalence was found to be more in dogs presented with non-specic signs (48.71%) than in other groups.

Key Words: Dogs, haemoparasites, spectrum of signs, health status

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