Research Article | Animal Husbandry Statistics and Computer Applications

Growth Trends of Livestock and Poultry Population in India

Arya S.Nair, M.Thirunavukkarasu, A.Serma Saravana Pandian, G.Senthilkumar and C.Balan

Department of Animal Husbandry Statistics and Computer Applications, Madras Veterinary College, TANUVAS, Chennai – 600 007

Published in the Indian Veterinary Journal June 2021: 98 (6) - pages 24 to 30
(Received: , Accepted: )


The trends of livestock population in India over the period from 1951 to 2017 were studied. Annual Compound Growth Rate analysis was used to assess the dynamics of livestock population and production in India. Cattle population had been increasing from 1951 to 1992. However, it showed a decreasing trend (-0.84 per cent) during 2007-12. Buffalo population continuously increased to reach 108.70 million in 2012. However, the periods 2007-12 and 2012-17 recorded low growth rates of 0.63 per cent and 0.21 per cent, respectively. Sheep population showed a mixed trend of growth during the study period. Although there was a drop during 2007-12 with -1.88 per cent growth, it regained its positive during 2012-17 with the ACGR of 2.68 per cent. Goat population continued to increase during 1951 - 2007, with a small drop in 2012. Although during 2007-12, it showed a negative growth rate of 0.78 per cent, it regained its usual positive growth trend during 2012-17. Pig population too showed a mixed trend of growth. The growth of poultry population had been promising over years. While the exotic female cattle population was increasing at a growth rate of 5.19 per cent, the female indigenous cattle did not exhibit any distinguishable change. The female buffalo population also increased from 1997 to 2012. However, male buffalo population showed negative growth rates during 1997-03 and 2007-12 with -1.01 and -3.85 per cent.

Key Words: Key words: Livestock and Poultry Population, Trends, India

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