245/22 | Review Article | Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology

Global climate change, floods, and associated zoonotic disease outbreaks : A mini-review insight

Deepak Subedi, Deepak Chandran, Abhisek Niraula, Sanjay Paudel, Krishna Prasad Acharya and Kuldeep Dhama

Paklihawa Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Rupandehi, Nepal.

Published in the Indian Veterinary Journal November 2022 : 99 (11) - pages 26 to 32
(Received: , Accepted: )


Global climate change will increase the probability of extreme weather events, including heatwaves, drought, wildfire, cyclones, and heavy precipitation that could cause floods and landslides.Excess morbidity or mortality and a declaration of a catastrophe can result when the demands placed on the public health system by such events are greater than what the community is able to provide. Social, economic, health, and cultural factors all contribute to the complexity of human vulnerability to tragedy. The degree of exposure to hazardous risks (susceptibility) and the ability to cope with or recover from disaster repercussions are the two sides of a person's vulnerability to natural disasters (resilience). Programs intended to lessen human vulnerabilities typically also fortify their ability to bounce back from setbacks. Emergency preparedness and response efforts greatly minimize the likelihood of catastrophic events. Increased disaster resilience is the result of proactive measures taken in advance of, during, and after a disaster, including those that address climate change. Local public health organizations are ideally situated to strengthen people's resistance to climate-related disasters because adaptation must take place at the community level. In this article, we see how climate change plays a factor in the occurrence of floods, the proliferation of microbes, and the appearance of zoonotic diseases.

Key Words: climate change, floods, disaster, zoonotic diseases, microbes, public health

Main Article

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