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2-D Ultrasonographic Imaging for the Detection of Renal Abnormalities in Dogs: A Clinical Evaluation of 85 Cases

Varsha Mary Mathai, B. Nagarajan, D. Sumathi and Sabiha Hayath Basha

Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, Ethics and Jurisprudence, Madras Veterinary College, TANUVAS, Chennai - 600 007

Published in the Indian Veterinary Journal May 2019 : 96 (5) - pages 52 to 54
(Received: May, 2018, Accepted: October, 2018)


An observational study was conducted to assess the relation between the structural changes of kidneys and the development of clinical signs of renal dysfunction in dogs. Among 356 dogs that underwent ultrasonographic examination using real time B-mode scanner, 85 dogs of different breeds and age belonging to either sex were diagnosed to have various renal pathologies. Among them, 66 dogs were diagnosed to have diffused degenerative changes of renal parenchyma and were often clinically manifested as uremia, proteinuria, hypertension and anaemia. Five dogs had acute kidney injury. Focal abnormalities observed were renal cyst (5), nephrolith (5), solid mass (2) and hydronephrosis (2), but rarely showed clinical manifestations. About 42 dogs were in the age group of 7-10 years and the most common breeds affected were Labrador retrievers and Indian Spitz.

Key Words: Ultrasonographic, imaging, renal, abnormality

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