Clinical & Field Article | Veterinary Surgery and Radiology

Diagnosis and Surgical Management of Cystorrhexis Secondary to Multiple Urethral Calculi in a Dog

Amitha Banu S, Khan Sharun, Kalaiselvan E, Abhishek Chandra Saxena, Kuldeep Dhama, and Amarpal

Division of Surgery, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India

Published in the Indian Veterinary Journal May 2021 : 98 (5) - pages 24 to 28
(Received: , Accepted: )


Urolithiasis is defined as the development of calculi anywhere in the urinary tract and has a multifactorial etiology. The 10-year-old male, Golden Retriever dog, was presented with a history of intermittent urination for the past four days. The condition was diagnosed as cystorrhexis secondary to obstructive urolithiasis based on the history, physical examination, survey radiography, and ultrasonography. The urinary bladder was exteriorized via a para-preputial approach, and cystotomy was performed to retrieve the uroliths. Retrograde urohydropropulsion was used to propel uroliths back into bladder. Following the closure of bladder, the abdominal cavity was lavaged with warm normal saline solution. Abdominal layers were closed in a routine manner. Immediate surgical intervention along with meticulous post-operative care and management resulted in an uneventful recovery

Key Words: Urethral calculi; Retrohydropropulsion; Cystorrhexis; Canine

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